The transgender jail inhabitants has grown by one 5th in years, new Ministry of Justice (MoJ) figures show.
In a record observed by The Telegraph, 197 prisoners serving sentences in England and Wales recognized as transgender in 2021, a 21 in line with cent bounce from 163 in 2019.
In a separate class are offenders who dangle a gender recognition certificates (GRC), a report that legally recognises their modification in gender. This yr’s Offender Equalities Annual Document is anticipated to make sure for the first time that the selection of prisoners who cling a GRC is 23, even though it is understood that the figure is still being investigated.
Of the 197 prisoners who are dwelling because the reverse gender in jail, however not legally acknowledged as such, the overwhelming majority were males deciding on as women, the figures display.
“Whilst requested in regards to the gender with which the prisoner identified from the next classes, 146 recognized as feminine, 39 as male, ELEVEN as non-binary and one did not supply a response,” the Offender Equalities Annual Record states.
The record, which found that more than half prisons (56 in keeping with cent) within the u . s . a . had one or extra transgender inmate, acknowledges that the figures are “more likely to underestimate” the actual number of prisoners who establish because the opposite gender.
the most recent figures display the gradual build up of the transgender jail populate at estates throughout England and Wales when you consider that 2016, when the information used to be first accrued.
In 2016, 70 prisoners identified as transgender. This increased to 125 in 2017, 139 in 2018 and 163 in 2019. No data used to be gathered in 2020 because of the pandemic.
Of the 163 prisoners who identified as the opposite gender in the 2019 report, ONE HUNDRED THIRTY identified as feminine, 20 as male and 13 did not provide a response.
As numbers building up, ‘so does threat to girls’
Campaigners mentioned the figures show a “significant annually increase within the selection of male prisoners picking as transgender”.
“As The numbers build up, so does the chance to ladies in jail as a result of MoJ policies that allow some of these prisoners to be housed within the female property,” Kate Coleman, from Stay Prisons Unmarried Intercourse, said.
the newest figures come after a landmark ruling within the High Court this summer season during which senior judges concluded that it was lawful to deal with transgender ladies, who had been born men, within the feminine prison property.
a female prisoner introduced a felony challenge against the MoJ for allowing inmates to serve their sentence in a prison that corresponds with their gender identity.
Attorneys representing the girl, named simplest as FDJ, argued that striking transgender women with a history of sexual violence in feminine prisons placed other inmates in peril of intercourse attacks.
But Top Courtroom judges discovered that although it might seem “inappropriate and incongruous” for a transgender feminine prisoner in all probability with a “masculine body and male genitalia” to be incarcerated in a women’s jail, the federal government had assessments and balances in place to reduce any risks.
Lord Justice Holroyde said he customary inmates would possibly feel “worry and anxiety” if a transgender girl was once a sexual predator, however believed expert panels may be sure that folks who posed a possibility have been moved to a male prison, saved on a consultant wing or simplest allowed to satisfy females beneath supervision.
A Jail Provider spokesman stated: “Transgender prisoners make up just 0.2 in line with cent of the prison inhabitants and our method to managing them was lately confirmed by way of the Top Court to be protected and felony.”